If you’ve seen Happy Feet or March of the Penguins, you know Adelie penguins as adoring, loving and determined birds. But they’re also incredibly weird, sexually. So much so that George Murray Levick, an explorer with the 1913 Scott Antarctic Expedition, was so horrified by the whole thing, he wrote his findings in ancient Greek so he wouldn’t have his gentlemanly British friends read it.
When penguins are being chased by something big and hungry, their go-to escape maneuver is to make for the surface and launch themselves up and out of the water and on to land (or ice). In some cases that means flying two or three meters up into the air. This is an impressive trick, and the BBC got a lot of cool footage of it as part of The Blue Planet series.
Modern penguins are fairly harmless, medium sized birds that waddle around the southern part of the planet. But about 25 million years ago, in what is now New Zealand, giant penguins roamed around. These five foot tall birds were the terror of the southern hemisphere… nah, just kidding. They were tall, but probably just as harmless.