After more than 500 years, investigators feel very confident they’ve found the wreckage of Christopher Columbus’s flagship, the Santa Maria, off the coast of Haiti.
Barry Clifford, one of the world’s top underwater archaeological investigators, says the location on a reef 10 to 15 feet below the surface off Haiti’s northern coast matches Columbus’ description of where the ship was wrecked, per his diary. The ship is the same size as the Santa Maria; rocks found nearby are from the right part of Spain to be the ship’s ballast stone; and the “smoking gun” is a 15th-century cannon, says Clifford, whose previous finds include Captain Kidd’s flagship.
For all of his conquests and military might, the actual tomb and final resting place of Alexander the Great has remained a mystery. But archaeologists think they may have finally found his tomb, underneath the heart of one of the many cities that bear his name— Alexandria, Egypt.
The oldest known stone-tipped projectiles have been found in Ethiopia, clocking in at around 280,000 years old. That’s about 88,000 years older than Homo sapiens. We know that we were not the only intelligent, tool building hominids— there were ones that came before us and existed at the same time as us, and this new find confirms that the rise of abstract intelligence was a long, slow process that occurred through many different hominid species over time. We weren’t the first, and we probably won’t be the last either.
Archaeologists have been digging for clues about the origins of Stonehenge in the wrong place for 90 years
In order to try and determine the origin of the stones used to make Stonehenge, archaeologists have been digging at a site in Wales, where it was thought the rocks originated from. And they were in the general area, kinda sorta… using x-rays of the rocks, it turns out the rocks actually originated a mile from where everyone’s been swinging their picks for 90 years.
Brains, being soft tissuey organs don’t last long at all after anything dies under pretty much all conditions. Finding an ancient brain in any condition is miracle of archaeology, but finding a human brain that’s still some sort of stuff after 4000 years is pretty unlikely. But here it was, a Bronze Age brain under the dirt in Turkey.
Jamestown, Virginia was one of the first European colonies in the New World, and almost every single one of these early settlements dealt with incredible hardship. Archaeologists have now found evidence of cannibalism in 17th century Jamestown during the deadly winter of 1609-1610, in which 80% of the colonists died of cold and starvation.
A section of rail project for the London Crossrail had to be halted when archaeologists discovered a huge cache of ancient human skeletons that seem to be a hastily put-together body pit for victims of the Black Death around 1349. There could be as many as 50,000 individuals scattered across the site.
The problem with trying to study the evolution of arthropods is that there isn’t much to leave behind. The best thing scientists could find were bits of carapace, which doesn’t give you much idea of how a creature works. Above however is the fossilized imprint of a 520 million year old arthropod that shows a head and a long string of mouth part feeding tubes, that the thing would use to rake hapless victims into its gut.
If you’ve caught the first couple episodes of the History Channel drama, ‘Vikings’, you’ll know that Ragnor uses a “sunstone” he procured from a traveler to chart the sun’s course, even during thick, overcast days. Archaeologists may have discovered such a fabled stone in the wreck of an old Viking ship at the bottom of the English Channel.
Peruvian archeologists have discovered a temple believed to be about 5,000 years old at the ancient El Paraiso archeological site in a valley just north of Lima, the Culture Ministry said, putting it among the oldest sites in the world, comparable to the ancient city of Caral, a coastal city some 200 kilometers (125 miles) to the north.
In Leicester, England, where once stood a friary is now a parking lot. And under that parking lot were the skeletal remains of a man that scientists can now positively identify as that of King Richard III. By analyzing the bone structure, injuries, bone chemical composition and finally DNA matching, the University of Leicester finally solved one big puzzle in British history.