When it comes to friction and adhesion between surfaces, surface area is everything. The substance above, while it looks like some sort of alien spine, has the highest surface area for any kind of manmade synthetic material.
It’s a new new synthetic material called NU-110—and it’s the highest surface area material ever made.
To give you some idea of what that means, if the internal surface area of one metal-organic NU-110 crystal the size of a grain of salt could be unfolded, it would cover a desktop. If that makes you shrug, a single gram of the stuff has the same surface areas as one-and-a-half football fields.