Not but a couple years ago, the first draft of a genome of a small finger bone found in a cave in Siberia pointed to the discovery of a previously unknown hominid species that lived alongside Homo sapiens in our distant past. Now, the genome of that human species, the Denisovans has been completed and should help scientists begin to try and gain an understanding of these people.
The Leipzig team has now developed sensitive novel techniques which have allowed them to sequence every position in the Denisovan genome about 30 times over, using DNA extracted from less than 10 milligrams of the finger bone. In the previous draft version published in 2010, each position in the genome was determined, on average, only twice. This level of resolution was sufficient to establish the relationship of Denisovans to Neandertals and present-day humans, but often made it impossible for researchers to study the evolution of specific parts of the genome. The now-completed version of the genome allows even the small differences between the copies of genes that this individual inherited from its mother and father to be distinguished. This Wednesday the Leipzig group makes the entire Denisovan genome sequence available for the scientific community over the internet.
“The genome is of very high quality”, says Matthias Meyer, who developed the techniques that made this technical feat possible. “We cover all non-repetitive DNA sequences in the Denisovan genome so many times that it has fewer errors than most genomes from present-day humans that have been determined to date”.
The genome represents the first high-coverage, complete genome sequence of an archaic human group - a leap in the study of extinct forms of humans. “We hope that biologists will be able to use this genome to discover genetic changes that were important for the development of modern human culture and technology, and enabled modern humans to leave Africa and rapidly spread around the world, starting around 100,000 years ago” says Pääbo. The genome is also expected to reveal new aspects of the history of Denisovans and Neandertals.
The group plans to present a paper describing the genome later this year. “But we want to make it freely available to everybody already now” says Pääbo. “We believe that many scientists will find it useful in their research”.
The project is made possible by financing from the Max Planck Society and is part of efforts since almost 30 years by Dr. Pääbo’s group to study ancient DNA. The finger bone was discovered by Professor Anatoly Derevianko and Professor Michail Shunkov from the Russian Academy of Sciences in 2008 during their excavations at Denisova Cave, a unique archaeological site which contains cultural layers indicating that human occupation at the site started up to 280,000 years ago. The finger bone was found in a layer which has been dated to between 50,000 and 30,000 years ago.
- gorillafood likes this
- nakedsciencebutt reblogged this from sleep-underground-tonight
- wrredux reblogged this from iheartchaos
- the-notorious-piv reblogged this from iamnotintelligent
- sans-nuage reblogged this from amodernmanifesto
- starrecluse likes this
- organiccompounds reblogged this from sleep-underground-tonight
- grumpylovely likes this
- astoicheartandableedingmind reblogged this from iheartchaos
- awildwest likes this
- sadcanuck likes this
- i-was-a-teenage-potato likes this
- just-breezy likes this
- ohwhatevertrever likes this
- sleep-underground-tonight reblogged this from amodernmanifesto
- amodernmanifesto reblogged this from iamnotintelligent
- amodernmanifesto likes this
- colorvomitworld reblogged this from iheartchaos
- aseahorseforabirthmark likes this
- 0nthesun likes this
- nutopiancitizen reblogged this from iheartchaos
- cerealgirl79 likes this
- sog6likeafly likes this
- cherishthelies likes this
- adistinguishedvillain reblogged this from iheartchaos
- adistinguishedvillain likes this
- therodentqueen likes this
- waningcrescent019 reblogged this from some1simple
- waningcrescent019 likes this
- c4t-buttz reblogged this from iheartchaos
- ghostnineone reblogged this from iheartchaos
- grempz reblogged this from iheartchaos
- fluxuating likes this
- some1simple reblogged this from iheartchaos
- reflectlupus likes this
- iheartchaos posted this